Salt 0.8.0 is ready for general consumption! The source tarball is available on GitHub for download:
A lot of work has gone into salt since the last release just 2 weeks ago, and salt has improved a great deal. A swath of new features are here along with performance and threading improvements!
The main new features of salt 0.8.0 are:
Cython minion modules
Faster return handling
Lowered required Python version to 2.6
Advanced minion threading
Configurable minion modules
The salt-cp command introduces the ability to copy simple files via salt to targeted servers. Using salt-cp is very simple, just call salt-cp with a target specification, the source file(s) and where to copy the files on the minions. For instance:
# salt-cp ‘*’ /etc/hosts /etc/hosts
Will copy the local /etc/hosts file to all of the minions.
Salt-cp is very young, in the future more advanced features will be added, and the functionality will much more closely resemble the cp command.
Cython is an amazing tool used to compile Python modules down to c. This is arguably the fastest way to run Python code, and since pyzmq requires cython, adding support to salt for cython adds no new dependencies.
Cython minion modules allow minion modules to be written in cython and therefore executed in compiled c. Simply write the salt module in cython and use the file extension “.pyx” and the minion module will be compiled when the minion is started. An example cython module is included in the main distribution called cytest.pyx:
By default salt returns command data back to the salt master, but now salt can return command data to any system. This is enabled via the new returners modules feature for salt. The returners modules take the return data and sends it to a specific module. The returner modules work like minion modules, so any returner can be added to the minions.
This means that a custom data returner can be added to communicate the return data so anything from MySQL, Redis, MongoDB, and more!
There are 2 simple stock returners in the returners directory:
The documentation on writing returners will be added to the wiki shortly, and returners can be written in pure Python, or in cython.
Minion modules may need to be configured, now the options passed to the minion configuration file can be accessed inside of the minion modules via the __opt__ dict.
Information on how to use this simple addition has been added to the wiki: Writing modules
The test module has an example of using the __opts__ dict, and how to set default options:
In 0.7.0 the minion would block after receiving a command from the master, now the minion will spawn a thread or multiprocess. By default Python threads are used because for general use they have proved to be faster, but the minion can now be configured to use the Python multiprocessing module instead. Using multiprocessing will cause executions that are CPU bound or would otherwise exploit the negative aspects of the Python GIL to run faster and more reliably, but simple calls will still be faster with Python threading. The configuration option can be found in the minion configuration file:
The requirement for Python 2.7 has been removed to support Python 2.6. I have received requests to take the minimum Python version back to 2.4, but unfortunately this will not be possible, since the ZeroMQ Python bindings do not support Python 2.4.
Salt 0.8.0 is a very major update, it also changes the network protocol slightly which makes communication with older salt daemons impossible, your master and minions need to be upgraded together!
I could use some help bringing salt to the people! Right now I only have packages for Arch Linux, Fedora 14 and Gentoo. We need packages for Debian and people willing to help test on more platforms. We also need help writing more minion modules and returner modules. If you want to contribute to salt please hop on the mailing list and send in patches, make a fork on GitHub and send in pull requests! If you want to help but are not sure where you can, please email me directly or post tot he mailing list!
I hope you enjoy salt, while it is not yet 1.0 salt is completely viable and usable!
-Thomas S. Hatch
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These docs are for Salt's development version: 230d64e.
Docs for previous releases are available on readthedocs.org.
Latest Salt release: 2014.7.0